单色釉

将希腊文monokhromos一词分解,mono意为“单一”,khromos意为“色彩”。中国的单色釉瓷器一直被认为是陶瓷界的重大成就之一。

中国单色釉瓷器源于宋代(960-1279)。第一个千禧年之际,中国曾是世界上最发达的文明之一,这个时代里中国因发明了活字印刷、纸币、火药、指南针而闻名,还出现了最早的餐馆概念。

中国早期单色瓷主要为黑白两色,但不久后,不同窑口之间产生了竞争关系,各个窑口竞相烧制最为精美的单色釉瓷。

宋元之交,中国单色釉瓷瓶的烧制技术产生了飞跃,实际上所有器型的烧制都得到了改善。

单色釉瓷在元代持续发展,明代则创制了新的上釉技术。明代最受宫廷喜爱的是黄釉、红釉和蓝釉。

到了清代,单色釉深受帝王和宫廷喜爱。清代的技术革新烧制出了许多种类的釉色,如豇豆红釉、茶叶末釉、炉钧釉、青釉和天蓝釉等,受宋代瓷器启发的仿哥、官、汝釉也再次出现。同时也发展出了淡粉、胭脂红、柠檬黄、松石绿和青绿等彩釉。

商品
  • M5120

    £32,000

    黄釉碗

  • M4959

    £12,000

    青釉菊瓣盘

  • M4942

    £28,000

    青釉盖罐一对

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  • R1047

    £68,000

    A Chinese porcelain Ming imperial yellow saucer dish with slightly flared rim, covered on the front and underside with a rich yellow glaze, the base with a six-character mark of Zhengde within a double ring and of the period, 1508-1521. 17.6 cm, 7 ¼ inches diameter. Zhengde, 1508-1521.

  • M3090

    £38,000

    Chinese Longquan celadon two-handled pear-shaped bottle vase, each side moulded with a ruyi-head medallion, one with fu and one with shou-character between leafy branches of flowering camellia, one issuing from waves, the other from rockwork, all between key-fret bands on the neck and everted foot, the upright rim in the form of an open flowerhead, above two stylised elephant-head and ring handles.

  • M4746

    £18,000

    Chinese Longquan celadon fluted lianzi bowl, the exterior with tall upright petals, the interior with a flowerhead in the well beneath a carved keyfret band at the rim.

  • M4790

    £28,000

    Chinese imperial porcelain copper-red glazed saucer dish covered overall in a rich and even bright red glaze beneath a white-glazed rim.

  • M4517

    £23,000

    Pair of Chinese imperial porcelain small yellow glazed thinly potted saucer dishes, each covered overall in an even yellow glaze extending to the base. 4 1/4 inches, 10.8 cm diameter. The bases with six-character marks of Guangxu and of the period, 1875-1908.

  • M4639

    £22,000

    Chinese porcelain celadon ground bottle vase with rounded body and ribbed cylindrical neck in imitation of bamboo, with upright galleried rim covered overall in an even pale celadon glaze extending to the interior and the base. 7 1/4 inches, 18.5 cm high. Qianlong period, 1736-1795.

  • M4636

    £POA

    Chinese imperial porcelain thinly potted deep bowl with gently flared rim, covered on the exterior and interior with a bright copper-red glaze slightly pooling towards the foot, the rim glazed white.

  • M4660

    £POA

    Chinese porcelain brush pot, bitong, incised with three chi-dragons amongst branches of lingzhi on a dense foliate ground, between double lines at the foot and triangular diagonal pattern at the rim, covered on the exterior in an even pale celadon glaze, the rim and interior glazed white, the partially unglazed base with an indented glazed centre with underglaze blue mark of Xuande.

  • M4370

    £34,000

    Chinese Longquan monochrome celadon glazed cosmetic box of circular form, the cover moulded in relief with a peony bloom on a branch with three leaves all within a single ring, covered overall in a luminous even pale celadon sea-green glaze, the box base plain with unglazed interior rim and base revealing the stoneware biscuit body.

  • M4589

    £34,000

    Chinese Longquan monochrome celadon glazed deep dish with flat everted rim and tapered foot rim, applied in the centre with a relief moulded open-mouth writhing dragon with detailed scales on his body in a slightly recessed well, encircled by carved stylised flowers and scrolls with comb technique, the exterior moulded with thirty-five radiating relief lotus petals, the base covered overall in an even pale celadon sea-green glaze, the knife-cut biscuit foot burnt orange at the edges revealing the high-fired biscuit body.

  • R9282

    £4,500

    A Chinese green lead glazed large lian, wine warmer and cover with two stylised relief mask and ring handles between two bands of three rings, standing on three bear feet, the animals with long ears, the moulded cover with a stylised bronze loose ring handle surrounded by two bands, one with dots and triangles, the other with a stylised scroll and dot pattern, the rim with band of petals, the base unglazed.

  • M3865

    £4,500

    Chinese green glazed pottery model of a kneeling Middle Eastern figure with left knee raised, wearing a belted robe and holding a child, both wearing peaked hats, a large cylindrical oil lamp over the shoulder, the monochrome green glaze now iridescent due to oxidisation, the underside revealing the terracotta brick-red body.

  • M3482

    £14,000

    Chinese monochrome green glazed pottery model of a circular ram pen with flat lipped rim, the interior with a shepherd with head turned, seated on a large saddled ram, amongst a flock of seven other standing rams, each with ridged curled horns, covered overall in an even green glaze now iridescent due to oxidisation.

  • M4143

    £14,000

    Chinese monochrome olive glazed pottery jar of ovoid form with three double-loop handles at the shoulder, above an incised line beneath the upright rim, covered in a bright olive glaze continuing on the interior, falling short of the buff stoneware body and the slightly splayed foot.

  • M4690

    £14,000

    Chinese Yaozhou monochrome celadon deep bowl with rolled rim and short straight footrim, carved on the exterior with stylised flowers and leaves, the interior with six vertical lines, covered overall in an even olive-green glaze pooling towards the straight foot, the foot rim unglazed revealing the burnt brown high-fired ceramic body.

Further information on 单色釉

Chinese monochromes took a starring role in state ceremonies because traditional Chinese beliefs assumed that ritual vessels must be Chinese monochromes of glazed porcelain of particular colours, representative of four temples in Beijing and the gods they represented:Blue Chinese monochrome porcelain – Altar of Heaven (tiantan)Yellow Chinese monochrome porcelain – Altar of the Earth (ditan)White Chinese monochrome porcelain – Altar of the Moon (yuetan)Red Chinese monochrome porcelain – Altar of the Sun (ritan)The reign of Kangxi at the start of the Qing dynasty was when the techniques of Chinese monochromes began to mature.The beauty of Chinese monochrome vases, indeed all Chinese monochrome porcelain was in the technical accomplishment, the finesse of the colours and the quality of the glaze. It’s testament to the processes developed to produce monochrome Chinese porcelain that the colours have remained as spectacular as they were the day they were fired.Arguably the most famous of all the colours, not just of Chinese monochrome porcelain but of all Chinese porcelain, blue is almost infinitely varied and the cobalt used came from as far away as modern-day Iran – from the most pale clair de lune to the deepest shades known as Mazarine blue.

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